This is why we vote: Because we can!
The women were innocent and defenseless. And by the end of the night, they were barely alive. Forty prison guards wielding clubs and with their warden's blessing went on a rampage against the 33 women wrongly convicted of "obstructing sidewalk traffic." They beat Lucy Burn, chained her hands to the cell bars above her head and left her hanging for the night, bleeding and gasping for air. They hurled Dora Lewis into a dark cell, smashed her head against an iron bed and knocked her out cold. Her cellmate, Alice Cosu, thought Lewis was dead and suffered a heart attack. Additional affidavits describe the guards grabbing, dragging, beating, choking, slamming, pinching, twisting and kicking the women.
Thus unfolded the "Night of Terror" on November 15, 1917 (a mere 87 years ago), when the warden at the Occoquan Workhouse in Virginia ordered his guards to teach a lesson to the suffragists imprisoned there because they dared to picket Woodrow Wilson's White House for the right to vote. For weeks, the women's only water came from an open pail. Their food -- all of it colorless slop -- was infested with worms. When one of the leaders, Alice Paul, embarked on a hunger strike, they tied her to a chair, forced a tube down her throat and poured liquid into her until she vomited. She was tortured like this for weeks until word was smuggled out to the press.
So, refresh my memory. Some women won't vote this year because--why, exactly? We have carpool duties? We have to get to work? Our vote doesn't matter? It's raining?
Last week, I went to a sparsely attended screening of HBO's new movie "Iron Jawed Angels." It is a graphic depiction of the battle these women waged so that I could pull the curtain at the polling booth and have my say. I am ashamed to say I needed the reminder. All these years later, voter registration is still my passion. But the actual act of voting had become less personal for me, more rote. Frankly, voting often felt more like an obligation than a privilege. Sometimes it was inconvenient.
My friend Wendy, who is my age and studied women's history, saw the HBO movie, too. When she stopped by my desk to talk about it, she looked angry. She was -- with herself. "One thought kept coming back to me as I watched that movie," she said. "What would those women think of the way I use -- or don't use -- my right to vote? All of us take it for granted now, not just younger women, but those of us who did seek to learn." The right to vote, she said, had become valuable to her "all over again."
HBO will run the movie periodically before releasing it on video and DVD. I wish all history, social studies and government teachers would include the movie in their curriculum.
We are not voting in the numbers that we should be, and I think a little shock therapy is in order. It is jarring to watch Woodrow Wilson and his cronies try to persuade a psychiatrist to declare Alice Paul insane so that she could be permanently institutionalized. And it is inspiring to watch the doctor refuse. Alice Paul was strong, he said, and brave. The doctor admonished the men: "Courage in women is often mistaken for insanity."
Please pass this on to all the women you know. We need to get out and vote and use this right that was fought so hard for by these very courageous women.
-Connie Schultz, The Plain Dealer, 1801 Superior Ave.,Cleveland, OH 44114, August 2004
Suffrage for Women - The Right to Vote
On August 26, 1920, the United States ratified the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, granting women the right to vote. The struggle for women's suffrage lasted for more than half a century.
- About the film Iron Jawed Angels which presents a dramatized version of the events leading to suffrage, 1915-1920.
- Night of Terror So Women Can Vote - by Louise Bernikow of WeNews
- special essay honoring Women's Equality Day by Women's E-News
- women's history
- The history of the 19th Amendment, chosen as one of the ten most influential documents in America's history.
AUGUST 26 -- WOMENS EQUALITY DAY
Today we celebrate womens suffrage and acknowledge the work yet to be done to reach true equality for women.
On this day in 1920, the Nineteenth Amendment was finally ratified, marking the end of a 70 year struggle to give American women the right to vote.
Whats the best way to honor the hard-won victory of the suffragists? Spend a minute today advancing womens equality!
GET THE FACTS. REGISTER TO VOTE. BE COUNTED ON ELECTION DAY.
Data released today by the U.S. Census Bureau show that women and their families still have a long way to go to achieve equality. Did you know that in 2003
- Poverty among women reached 12.4%, 40% higher than mens 8.9% poverty rate. The poverty rate for women and girls increased for the third year in a row, to 13.7% from 13.3% in 2002.
- Child poverty rose from 16.7% to 17.6%--the sharpest increase in ten years.
- The poverty rate for single-mother families increased by 5.3%, to 35.5% in 2003 from 33.7% in 2002.
- Real median earnings for women working full-time, year-round fell to $30,724, from $30,895 in 2002. In 2003 the wage gap between men and women widened, with full-time working women earning 76% of what men earned, down from 77% in 2002.
- The number of women and girls without health insurance rose to 21.2 million, an increase of 927,000 over 2002. The uninsurance rate rose more sharply among women than men between 2002 and 2003 (4% for women, 1% for men).
REGISTER TO VOTE
EXERCISE YOUR RIGHTS and VOTE
MAKE SURE YOUR FRIENDS, FAMILY, AND COLLEAGUES GO TO THE POLLS TOO!
page updated August 4, 2010